Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Ocimum tenuiflorum
TCP Family
Species TF ID Description
Ote100057820241TCP family protein
Ote100064420011TCP family protein
Ote100079020011TCP family protein
Ote100094520011TCP family protein
Ote100108660061TCP family protein
Ote100125860001TCP family protein
Ote100131890071TCP family protein
Ote100139950071TCP family protein
Ote100168280021TCP family protein
Ote100183840121TCP family protein
Ote100185870031TCP family protein
Ote100194820061TCP family protein
Ote100194950011TCP family protein
Ote100217380041TCP family protein
Ote100221370201TCP family protein
Ote100243470021TCP family protein
Ote100270200051TCP family protein
Ote237869530001TCP family protein
TCP Family Introduction

The TCP gene family was first described in 1999, as a small group of plant genes encoding proteins sharing the socalled TCP domain, a 59-amino acid basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) motif that allows DNA binding and protein-protein interactions. This domain was initially identified in four proteins encoded by apparently unrelated genes, from which the name 'TCP' was derived: teosinte branched1 (tb1) from maize (Zea mays), CYCLOIDEA (CYC) from snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus), and the PROLIFERATING CELL FACTORS 1 and 2 (PCF1 and PCF2) from rice (Oryza sativa). The tb1 gene is a major determinant of strong apical dominance in domesticated maize. CYC is involved in the control of floral bilateral symmetry in Antirrhinum. PCF1 and PCF2 are factors that bind to the promoter of the rice PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN (PCNA) gene, which encodes a protein involved in DNA replication and repair, maintenance of chromatin structure, chromosome segregation and cell-cycle progression.

TCP genes have been found in various plant species, and new roles in plant development have been elucidated. These discoveries emphasize the importance of this plant-specific gene family in the evolution and developmental control of plant form.

Martin-Trillo M, Cubas P.
TCP genes: a family snapshot ten years later.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(1): p. 31-9.
PMID: 19963426